TOTAL mandated the CIRAIG to establish and compare the life cycle GHG emissions of natural gas and coal from different sources (conventional and unconventional) and geographical contexts in order to produce electricity in Europe and Asia.
Numerous studies have shown that natural gas, even from unconventional sources, should be preferable to coal with regards to the amount of greenhouse gases (GHG) it emits when used to produce electricity. However, it has also been shown that, in certain particular situations, the coal may emit less GHGs than natural gas. Considering that results from past studies are dependent on their underlying assumptions and are only representative of the specific geographical context to which they apply, TOTAL wishes to ascertain the life cycle GHG emissions from some of their activities (or those of their partners) from the extraction to electricity production.
Therefore, TOTAL mandated the CIRAIG to: “Establish and compare the life cycle GHG emissions of natural gas and coal from different sources (conventional and unconventional) and geographical contexts in order to produce electricity in Europe and Asia.”
Designed for business by business to unleash the transformative power of the circular economy, Circular Transition Indicators v4.0 offers a universal and quantitative framework for evaluating how circular a company is.
This report presents the inventory of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions related to the consumption of the Montreal community for the year 2017. The inventory covers all activities and operations taking place within the Montreal community, including household purchases and activities, spending by the Ville de Montréal itself, capital investments (e.g. the purchase of buildings or machinery) taking place within the community, as well as federal and provincial government spending benefiting the community.